What Is Coily Hair And How Do I Care For It?

African American female with 4c coily hair strands wearing black pearl earrings, a silver necklace, red scarf, white t-shirt, and a black sweater.

Beginning your pure hair journey ought to be a celebration, however because of its steep studying curve, it usually turns into a large supply of frustration.

It takes quite a lot of analysis and trial-and-error to search out out your curl sample, what it wants, and methods to take care of it.

Your journey might embrace attempting out merchandise, methods, and extra to determine what works greatest in your coily hair strands. Since discovering the best details about coily hair might be tough, we’d like to supply some help.

On this article, we’ll dispel some rumors and ship some dependable data so you possibly can take advantage of your beautiful curls.

What Is Coily Hair? 

African American female wearing black pearl earrings, a silver necklace, red scarf, white t-shirt, and a black sweater.

Understanding your hair sort allows you to deal with it higher, and the extra care and love you give your hair, the more healthy and stronger it’ll turn into. Allow us to introduce you to the specifics of the coily hair sort that will help you kickstart your analysis.

Coily hair is characterised as sort 4 on the hair sort spectrum. It may be tender and superb, harsh and wiry, or something in between. These extraordinarily tight curls tackle considerably of a zig-zag sample. 

Coily hair is thought to be particularly fragile as a result of it doesn’t have very many cuticle layers to maintain it from drying out. Additionally, because of the twists and turns characterizing coily hair, the pure oils from the scalp aren’t in a position to transfer down the strands effectively.

That’s why coily hair has important points with dryness, tangling, and shrinkage. However, with correct care, it will probably nonetheless look completely lovely.

What Is the Distinction Between Curly Hair and Coily Hair? 

African American woman with her arms crossed wearing a white t-shirt, black glasses, earrings, kinky coily hair strands, and red lipstick.

The form of your scalp’s hair follicles determines your curl sort. Folks with straight hair have round hair follicles, whereas these with curly hair have oval-shaped hair follicles.

However how will you inform the distinction between curly and coily hair if they’re each thought-about textured hair?

“Curly” is usually used as an umbrella time period for all textured hair, however there are some particular variations between curly and coily hair that you need to find out about.

Coils are straightforward to tell apart from curls as a result of they’re smaller, tighter, and springier. In addition they tackle extra of a Z-shape slightly than an S-shape.

The ultimate distinction between coily and curly hair is that coily hair is normally a lot drier than curly hair because of the truth that their tiny twists and turns make it close to unimaginable for scalp oils to lubricate the hair shaft. 

What Curly Hair Sorts are Thought of Coily?

A black woman with type 4c hair holding her chin wearing a white T-shirt, black glasses, earrings, and red lipstick.

On this part, we’ll fill you in on which curl sorts are thought-about coily. Figuring out your precise coily hair sort will provide you with extra perception into methods to take care of it. 

Sort 4A

Type 4 Coily Hair 4A

4A coils are tight with a wiry or superb texture and a noticeable S sample. 4A hair strands are sometimes called s-shape coils with the circumference of a crochet needle. 

Sort 4B

Type 4 Coily Hair 4B

In case your hair has densely packed curls in a pointy letter Z sample with out a lot definition, then your hair is sort 4B. This sort has tighter coils however might be skinny or coarse. 

Sort 4C

Type 4 Coily Hair 4C

Just like sort 4B hair, 4C coils are extremely tight with a harder-to-spot zigzag form. 4C coils have even much less definition and a ton of shrinkage. You possibly can count on as much as 75% shrinkage with this hair sort. 

Sort 4 hair is probably the most fragile hair sort, so it wants quite a lot of safety to stay wholesome. On this subsequent part, we’ll inform you all you could find out about caring in your coily hair. 

Word: Read this article to study extra concerning the varied hair typing programs, together with sort 1, sort 2, sort 3, and kind 4. This has at all times been a well-liked subject for ladies throughout the pure hair neighborhood.

Learn how to Take care of Coily Hair

An African American female with 4c kinky, coily hair stands wearing black pearl earrings and a white t-shirt.

Coily hair has a hanging look that’s near-impossible to mimic. It’s bought unimaginable quantity and lends itself properly to a wide variety of hairstyles. But it surely additionally comes with a number of essential points that may be difficult for naturals to beat. 

Coils are extra liable to dryness and breakage, making them extra delicate than different hair sorts. Due to this, they require rather more care and a spotlight than different hair sorts.

However there’s no want to fret – we’ll offer you a rundown of all issues coily hair care!

Hold it Moisturized

As established earlier than, coily hair has kinks the place the strands twist and switch. At each single stress level in every spiral, curl, or coil, the probabilities of moisture reaching and staying within the hair are enormously lowered.

For this reason coily hair is so dry. In consequence, your first precedence ought to at all times be hydration.

Get Rid Of Harsh Shampoo

We’ll wager you’ve heard the spooky tales of normal shampoo and what it does to coily hair. The tales are true – common shampoo can wreak havoc in your strands, leaving them dry and liable to breakage.

As an alternative of drying your hair out with detergent-like shampoo, go sulfate-free! Sulfate-free shampoo is a curlyhead’s greatest buddy. It removes further sebum and product build-up with out stripping your hair of any mandatory moisture.

Use the LOC Technique

Black girl with beautiful natural curls wearing a long silver necklace and a black sweater.

The LOC technique reigns supreme as one of the best ways to lock in lasting moisture for coily heads.

The acronym LOC stands for the sequence through which you need to apply your hair care merchandise: Liquid, Oil, Cream. Whereas the LOC technique is the commonest sort 4 hair moisturizing technique on the market, different variations on this technique exist, like:

  • LCO technique: Apply liquid, cream, after which oil. 
  • LOCS technique: Apply liquid, oil, cream, after which a heavy oil-based sealant. 
  • LOG technique: Apply liquid, oil, after which gel.

*Take into account that the liquid a part of these methods might be water or a water-based leave-in conditioner. These methods are for use after you wash and situation your hair. 

Every technique will produce completely different outcomes on completely different hair, so that you’ll have to attempt a number of moisturization strategies to see which one will work greatest in your hair. 

Moist Your Hair Frequently

Coily hair wants moisture above all else, and water is the simplest supply of hydration. So, be sure you moist your hair no less than as soon as per week. You possibly can moist your hair extra usually in the event you’d like. The drier your hair is, the extra usually you need to moist it down. 

Situation/Deep Situation Each Wash Day

Washing your hair even with a sulfate-free shampoo has the potential to dry out your strands. So, after washing your hair, it’s crucial to replenish that moisture with a rinse-out conditioner. 

In case you have chronically dry hair, contemplate using a deep conditioning treatment on your hair for added moisture and hydration.

You possibly can deep situation as soon as per week or area it out relying in your hair wants. Generously apply a hair masks with wealthy elements like cocoa butter, aloe vera, honey, black seed oil, or olive oil and depart it on for quarter-hour or as much as an hour.

For one of the best outcomes, cowl your hair with a plastic cap or use a blow dryer (on a low warmth setting) to maximise the results of the therapy by opening up your hair cuticles.

You may have to check out completely different merchandise to search out the one which works greatest for you on this therapy, and that’s completely regular!

Different Coily Hair Care Suggestions

African American female with 4c kinky, naturally curly hair.

Now that you understand how to maintain your hair moisturized let’s soar into another ideas that you should utilize to maintain your coils bouncy and exquisite. 

Trim Your Ends as Wanted

It’s critical to trim coily hair on an as-needed foundation. Getting trims once in a while may also help mitigate tangles and knots, particularly on the ends the place split-ends normally type. Doing so will even assist your hair keep refreshed and wholesome. 

Take into account that trimming your hair makes it shorter and doesn’t make it develop. So, trimming too usually or on an outlined schedule isn’t really helpful.

There are quite a lot of stylists specializing in trimming curly hair – they will help you with this. They know that avoiding blunt traces works greatest for coily hair. In addition they know that curls are higher to chop dry since they stretch when moist or damp. 

However you don’t need to go to an expert to get your hair reduce. There are tons of tutorials on-line that may make it easier to get it proper. 

Styling Suggestions

Styling your coily hair can look so easy, however it may be extremely tough. The trick is to be affected person along with your hair and be aware of how a lot harm you inflict in your strands. 

Now we have a number of ideas that we predict you’ll actually love in your coily hair. As an example, for bouncier and springier hair, you should definitely apply merchandise frivolously, particularly on the crown of your hair.

One other useful tip is to stretch out your hair when it’s damp and dry it with a diffuser for longer and looser curls. Listed below are some extra ideas you should utilize to make the styling course of simpler.

Get Used to Frizz

Frizz is such a pure a part of the feel of kinky hair. Embracing it’s at all times higher than combating it.

In actual fact, combating in opposition to it always might trigger you to inflict hair harm, which we positively don’t need. However you’ll discover some anti-frizz ideas forward, so simply maintain studying!

Finger Detangle

We suggested you to by no means comb your hair whereas it’s dry because it causes so much breakage. To keep away from this dreadful destiny, go for detangling your hair when it’s coated in conditioner, whether or not it’s moist or damp.

Using your fingers to detangle works like magic and reduces your probabilities of ripping via your strands, so attempt that out earlier than resorting to a comb.

In case you do find yourself needing it, combing with a wide-tooth comb from the underside up will guarantee much less breakage. A hairbrush is a no-go, although! 

Air Dry to Decrease Harm

At all times, at all times, at all times air dry your coily hair to lower frizz as a lot as doable. Keep away from warmth publicity when you possibly can, regardless that utilizing a diffuser -on cool- will most likely pace up your dry time and reduce frizz. Styling your hair whereas it’s damp as an alternative of drenched and making use of product properly will even pace up your drying time.

Model Sometimes

Styling your coily hair usually will usually result in breakage since it’s so fragile. So, we suggest that you just type your hair sometimes – weekly to bi-weekly styling periods are commonplace. 

In case you put on your hair in protecting kinds usually, you gained’t have any points with over-styling your hair. However in the event you put on short-term kinds, it’s possible you’ll be tempted to redo your hair extra usually.

Attempt to not type your hair each day, as it will improve the chance of mechanical harm from over-manipulation. 

Low-maintenance hairstyles, like box braids, lemonade braids, and mini twists, are our favourite!

Take Your Time and Part

Sectioning your hair all through every step of the washing, conditioning, and styling course of will make your hair simpler to handle.

Whereas it does take a bit of additional time to part your hair, you’ll understand instantly that it makes the entire wash day course of a lot simpler. 

Use Protecting Styling No matter Curl Sample

A woman with natural hair in an afro hairstyle wearing casual clothes.

Coily hair wants quite a lot of care however not essentially quite a lot of styling. You possibly can at all times rock your coils au naturel. However in the event you do wish to swap it up and try a protective style, listed here are some issues to remember. 

  • Be certain that the type isn’t too tight – It’s turn into commonplace to see folks put on extraordinarily tight protecting kinds. And, whereas tighter hairstyles usually look neater than looser kinds, you need to at all times be sure that your stylist doesn’t do your hair too tight. 
  • Don’t depart your protecting type in too lengthy – Each protecting type has an expiration date – it’s normally from per week to 2 months. In case you depart your protecting type in for too lengthy, you run the chance of getting cussed buildup and experiencing breakage at your roots.
  • Give your hair a break in between kinds – After taking out a protecting type, it’s at all times an excellent concept to provide your hair a break. Let your hair relaxation for no less than per week in between protecting kinds to scale back ongoing hair manipulation. 

Defend Your Hair At Evening

Caring in your coily hair doesn’t cease whenever you flip in for the night time – it’s necessary to guard your coils even whenever you sleep. Listed below are a few methods to make sure that your hair stays protected while you’re asleep: 

  • A silk pillow or pillowcase is nice for frizz prevention because it limits quite a lot of the friction between your hair and the pillowcase material. 
  • You could possibly additionally wrap your hair in a silk scarf or bonnet to protect your hair’s moisture in a single day.

Use High quality Hair Merchandise

African American lady with 4C coils wearing black pearl earrings, a silver necklace, white t-shirt, and a black knit sweater.

With regards to hair merchandise, you might have quite a lot of choices, however not all of them can be good in your hair.

Many merchandise marketed towards these with curly hair might state “for pure hair” or “for coils,” however they might not have the best substances in them to help the well being of your hair. 

One of the best ways to guage whether or not a specific hair care product is nice in your hair is to examine the ingredient record. On this part, we’ll fill you in on the nice substances and the unhealthy substances you’ll discover in curly hair merchandise.

Let’s get proper into it! 

Product Elements to Keep away from

  • Sulfates are harsh detergents that strip your hair of all moisture. They’re normally present in shampoos and ought to be averted in nearly all instances. 
  • Silicones, which frequently finish in ‘cone, ‘xane, ‘onol, might be unhealthy in your hair. The issue with silicones is that a few of them usually are not water-soluble, which means that they are often arduous to clean out of your hair. In case your product has considered one of such silicones in it, it may trigger buildup over time and suffocate your strands. This finally results in dryness and even breakage. Right here’s a resource you should utilize to search out out which silicones are okay and which aren’t. 
  • Mineral oils might be detrimental to textured hair. Not solely do these oils coat the hair in order that moisture can not enter, however additionally they clog your scalp and inhibit hair development. 
  • Waxes ought to be averted for a similar cause that mineral oils ought to. They coat your hair and maintain moisture from penetrating. 
  • Some alcohols, like isopropyl alcohol and denatured alcohol dry out your hair. They need to be averted to keep up your hair’s moisture ranges. 

Additionally, primarily based in your private preferences, you might also wish to keep away from any merchandise with parabens, fragrances, or phthalates.

Good Product Elements for Your Hair Care Routine

Black female with naturally curly hair strands in an afro style.
  • Hydrating oils like argan oil and jojoba oil moisturize your hair from inside, selling size retention and general hair well being. 
  • Sealants, like shea butter, castor oil, and sure gels, assist to seal within the moisture from different hydrating merchandise you apply to your hair. 
  • Glycerin is a humectant that attracts moisture into your hair from the air. 


By this level, it’s possible you’ll really feel like your coily hair goes to be quite a lot of work, and this can be the case to start with. However, over time, as you study what your hair likes and dislikes, caring in your hair will get a lot, a lot simpler.

With correct hydration, styling, and upkeep, your hair will develop and flourish into the mane of your desires!

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